Preeti Patel, Avineesh Singh, Vijay K. Patel, Deepak K. Jain, Ravichandran Veerasamy and Harish Rajak Pages 735 - 751 ( 17 )
Background: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors can reactivate gene expression and inhibit the growth and survival of cancer cells.
Objective: To identify the important pharmacophoric features and correlate 3Dchemical structure with biological activity using 3D-QSAR and Pharmacophore modeling studies.
Method: The pharmacophore hypotheses were developed using e-pharmacophore script and phase module. Pharmacophore hypothesis represents the 3D arrangement of molecular features necessary for activity. A series of 55 compounds with wellassigned HDAC inhibitory activity were used for 3D-QSAR model development.
Results: Best 3D-QSAR model, which is a five partial least square (PLS) factor model with good statistics and predictive ability, acquired Q2 (0.7293), R2 (0.9811), cross-validated coefficient rcv 2=0.9807 and R2 pred=0.7147 with low standard deviation (0.0952). Additionally, the selected pharmacophore model DDRRR.419 was used as a 3D query for virtual screening against the ZINC database. In the virtual screening workflow, docking studies (HTVS, SP and XP) were carried out by selecting multiple receptors (PDB ID: 1T69, 1T64, 4LXZ, 4LY1, 3MAX, 2VQQ, 3C10, 1W22). Finally, six compounds were obtained based on high scoring function (dock score -11.2278-10.2222 kcal/mol) and diverse structures.
Conclusion: The structure activity correlation was established using virtual screening, docking, energetic based pharmacophore modelling, pharmacophore, atom based 3D QSAR models and their validation. The outcomes of these studies could be further employed for the design of novel HDAC inhibitors for anticancer activity.
HDACIs, QSAR, e-pharmacophore, virtual screening, docking, Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid.
SLT Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas University, Bilaspur 495009, India.