Vesna Rastija*, Maja Molnar, Tena Siladi and Vijay Hariram Masand Pages 204 - 214 ( 11 )
Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to derive robust and reliable QSAR models for clarification and prediction of antioxidant activity of 43 heterocyclic and Schiff bases dipicolinic acid derivatives. According to the best obtained QSAR model, structures of new compounds with possible great activities should be proposed.
Methods: Molecular descriptors were calculated by DRAGON and ADMEWORKS from optimized molecular structure and two algorithms were used for creating the training and test sets in both set of descriptors. Regression analysis and validation of models were performed using QSARINS.
Results: The model with best internal validation result was obtained by DRAGON descriptors (MATS4m, EEig03d, BELm4, Mor10p), split by ranking method (R2 = 0.805; R2 ext = 0.833; F = 30.914). The model with best external validation result was obtained by ADMEWORKS descriptors (NDB, MATS5p, MDEN33, TPSA), split by random method (R2 = 0.692; R2 ext = 0.848; F = 16.818).
Conclusion: Important structural requirements for great antioxidant activity are: low number of double bonds in molecules; absence of tertial nitrogen atoms; higher number of hydrogen bond donors; enhanced molecular polarity; and symmetrical moiety. Two new compounds with potentially great antioxidant activities were proposed.
QSAR, antioxidant activity, dipicolinic acid, polar surface area, hydrogen bond donors, derivatives.
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, J. J. Strossmayer University, Osijek 31 000, Department of Applied Chemistry and Ecology, Faculty of Food Technology, J.J. Strossmayer University, Osijek, Department of Applied Chemistry and Ecology, Faculty of Food Technology, J.J. Strossmayer University, Osijek, Department of Chemistry, Vidya Bharati College, Camp, Amravati, Maharashtra