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New Amine and Aromatic Substituted Analogues of Phencyclidine: Synthesis and Determination of Acute and Chronic Pain Activities

[ Vol. 22 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Maryam Shokrollahi, Marjaneh Samadizadeh, Mohsen Khalili, Seyed A. Sobhanian and Abbas Ahmadi*   Pages 570 - 576 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: Phencyclidine (PCP, I) is a synthetic drug with remarkable physiological properties. PCP and its analogues exert many pharmacological activities and interact with some neurotransmitter systems in the central nervous system like particular affinity for PCP sites in NMDA receptors or dopamine uptake blocking or even both.

Aim and Objective: The following research, methyl group with electron-donating and dipole moment characters was added in different positions of phenyl ring along with the substitution of benzylamine (with many pharmacological effects) instead of piperidine ring of I to produce new compounds (II-V) of this family with more analgesic activities.

Materials and Methods: Analgesic activities of these new compounds were measured by tail immersion and formalin tests for acute and chronic pains, respectively. Also, the outcomes were compared with control and PCP (10 mg/kg) groups.

Results: The results indicate that compounds III, IV, and V have more acute and chronic antinociceptive effects than PCP and compound II which may be concerned with more antagonizing activities of these new painkillers for the blockage of dopamine reuptake as well as high affinity for NMDA receptors PCP binding site.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that the benzylamine derivative of phencyclidine with a methyl group on the benzyl position on phenyl ring (V) is a more appropriate candidate to reduce acute and chronic (thermal and chemical) pains compared to other substituted phenyl analogs (II-IV) and PCP.

Keywords:

Benzylamine derivatives of phencyclidine, dopamine uptake blocking, NMDA receptors, Tail Immersion tests, formalin tests, synthetic drug.

Affiliation:

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Neurophysiology Research Center, Shahed University, Tehran, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj



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