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Vital Role of Monoamine Oxidases and Cholinesterases in Central Nervous System Drug Research: A Sharp Dissection of the Pathophysiology

[ Vol. 23 , Issue. 9 ]

Author(s):

Begum E. Aksoz* and Erkan Aksoz   Pages 877 - 886 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: Monoamine oxidase and cholinesterase enzymes are very critical enzymes that regulate the level of neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine and monoamines. Monoamine neurotransmitters and acetylcholine play a very important role in many physiological events. An increase or decrease in the amount of these neurotransmitters is observed in a wide range of central nervous system pathologies. Balancing the amount of these neurotransmitters is important in improving the progression of these diseases. Inhibitors of monoamine oxidase and cholinesterase enzymes are important in symptomatic therapy and delaying progression of a group of central nervous system disease manifested with memory loss, cognitive decline and psychiatric disturbances like depression.

Objective: In this article, the relationship between central nervous system diseases and the vital role of the enzymes, monoamine oxidase and cholinesterase, is discussed on the pathophysiologic basis, focusing on drug research.

Conclusion: Monoamine oxidase and cholinesterase enzymes are still a good target for the development of novel drug active substances with optimized pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties, which can maximize the benefits of current therapy modalities.

Keywords:

Central nervous system, monoamine oxidase, cholinesterase, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, depression.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta



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