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Introduction of Succinimide as A Green and Sustainable Organo-Catalyst for the Synthesis of Arylidene Malononitrile and Tetrahydrobenzo[b] pyran Derivatives

Author(s):

Fariba Hassanzadeh, Farhad Shirini*, Manouchehr Mamaghani and Nader Daneshvar   Pages 1 - 9 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Aim and Objective: In this work, we tried to introduce a nontoxic and stable organic compound named succinimide as a green and efficient organo-catalyst for the promotion of the synthesis of arylidene malononitrile and tetrahydrobenzo[b]pyran derivatives. Using this method led to a clean procedure to achieve these types of bioactive compounds without a specific purification step. The rate and yield of the reactions were excellent and also succinimide showed acceptable reusability as the catalyst.

Materials and Methods: In a 25 mL round-bottom flask, [A: a mixture of aromatic aldehyde (1 mmol), malononitrile (1.1 mmol) and B: a mixture of aromatic aldehyde (1.0 mmol), malononitrile (1.1 mmol)] and succinimide (0.2 mmol) in H2O/ EtOH [5 mL (1:1)] was stirred at 80 ˚C for an appropriate time. After completion of the reaction, which was monitored by TLC [n-hexane-EtOAc (7:3)], the mixture was cooled to room temperature and the solid product was filtered, washed several times with cold distilled water to obtain the corresponding pure product.

Results: After the optimization of the conditions and amount of the catalyst, a series of aromatic aldehydes containing eitherelectron-donating or electron-withdrawing substituents were successfully used for both of the reactions. The reactions rates and yields under the selected conditions were excellent. The nature and electronic properties of the substituents had no obvious effect on the rate and yield of the reaction. Meanwhile, the catalyst showed acceptable reusability for these two reactions.

Conclusion: In this work, we have introduced Succinimide as a green and safe organo-catalyst for the efficient synthesis arylidene malononitrile and tetrahydrobenzo[b]pyran derivatives. The results showed that the catalyst had excellent efficiency in green aqueous media and also the reusability of the catalyst was good.

Keywords:

Organo-catalyst, Succinimide, Bioactive compounds, Arylidene malononitriles, Tetrahydrobenzo[b]pyran, Water media.

Affiliation:

Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Guilan, University Campus 2, Rasht, Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Guilan, University Campus 2, Rasht, Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Guilan, University Campus 2, Rasht, Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Guilan, University Campus 2, Rasht



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