Shi-tang Ma, Ning Zhang, Ge Hong, Cheng-tao Feng*, Sheng-wei Hong and Guo-liang Dai Pages 1 - 14 ( 14 )
Background: Buyang Huanwu Tang (BYHWT) and relevant Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has its unique advantages in the treatment of cerebral ischemia. However, its pharmacological mechanism have not been fully explained.
Objective: Base on the multi-component, also the entire disease network targets, the present study set out to identify major bioactive ingredients, key disease targets, and pathways of BYHWT against cerebral ischemia disease by systematic pharmacological methodology.
Methods: Both the bioactive compounds from the BYHWT and the positive drugs against cerebral ischemia were fully investigated. The binding targets of the positive drugs were then obtained. A virtual screening protocol was then used to highlight the compound-target interaction. And network was constructed to visual the compound-target binding effect after docking analysis. Moreover，the targets enrichment analysis for biological processes and pathways were revealed to further explore the function of bio-targets protein gene and its role in the signal pathway.
Results: A total of 382 active ingredients of the BYHWT and 23 candidate disease targets were identified. Virtual screening results indicated that multiple bioactive compounds targeted multiple proteins. Each compounds act on one or more targets. The mechanisms were linked to 20 signaling pathways, and the key mechanism was related to serotonergic synapse, calcium signaling pathway and camp signaling pathways.
Conclusion: The present study explored the bioactive ingredients and mechanisms of BYHWT against cerebral ischemia by systematic pharmacological methodology. the novel methodology would provide a reference for the lead discovery of precursors, disease mechanism and material base for TCM.
Systematic pharmacological methodology, Pharmacological material basis, Buyang Huanwu Tang(BYHWT), Cerebral ischemia
Life and Health college, Anhui Science and Technology University, Fengyang 233100, Anhui Province, School of Chemical Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232000,AnhuiProvince, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Biomedical Material, Tianjin 300192, School of Chemical Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232000,AnhuiProvince, First Clinical College, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 200019, JiangsuProvince