Submit Manuscript  

Article Details


Compositional Analysis and Antioxidant Activities of Thymus pubescens Essential Oil from Iran

Author(s):

Bahman Nickavar* and Elaheh Malekitabar   Pages 1 - 7 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: The genus Thymus is one of the well-known members of the Lamiaceae, which comprises about 215 species. It is a polymorphic genus in this family. Therefore, possible differences in chemical composition among polymorphs may result in differences in their biological activities.

Objective: This study was designed to specify chemical composition in order to assess antioxidant activities and to characterize active constituents of essential oil from Thymus pubescens.

Methods: Essential oil was collected by hydrodistillation and was analyzed using GC-MS and GC-FID. Antioxidant activities were evaluated by ABTS radical cation scavenging and β-carotene bleaching inhibition methods. Detection and identification of antioxidant components were performed by TLC-bioautography assay using ABTS•+ reagent.

Results: GC analyses indicated the presence of 39 components, accounting for 96.64% of total constituents, with thymol (38.67%), γ-terpinene (7.46%), and p-cymene (5.54%) as the main components. The IC50 values for antioxidant activities were equal to 1.15 (1.05 – 1.25) μg/mL and 0.45 (0.33 – 0.62) μg/mL for ABTS•+ scavenging and β-carotene bleaching inhibition tests, respectively. TLC-bioautograpgy of oil resulted in identification of thymol as the major antioxidant compound.

Conclusion: Essential oil exhibited very potent and significant antioxidant activities correlated well with increasing dose in vitro.

Keywords:

Antioxidant activity, bioautography, chemical composition, essential oil, Lamiaceae, Thymus pubescens.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, PO Box: 14155- 6153, Tehran, Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, PO Box: 14155- 6153, Tehran



Read Full-Text article