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A Collaborative Hit-to-Lead Investigation Leveraging Medicinal Chemistry Expertise with High Throughput Library Design, Synthesis and Purification Capabilities

[ Vol. 9 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

X. Yang, D. Parker, L. Whitehead, N. S. Ryder, B. Weidmann, M. Stabile-Harris, D. Kizer, M. McKinnon, A. Smellie and D. Powers   Pages 123 - 130 ( 8 )

Abstract:


High throughput screening (HTS) campaigns, where laboratory automation is used to expose biological targets to large numbers of materials from corporate compound collections, have become commonplace within the lead generation phase of pharmaceutical discovery [1]. Advances in genomics and related fields have afforded a wealth of targets such that screening facilities at larger organizations routinely execute over 100 hit-finding campaigns per year [2]. Often, 105 or 106 molecules will be tested within a campaign/cycle to locate a large number of actives requiring follow-up investigation. Due to resource constraints at every organization, traditional chemistry methods for validating hits and developing structure activity relationships (SAR) become untenable when challenged with hundreds of hits in multiple chemical families per target. To compound the issue, comparison and prioritization of hits versus multiple screens, or physical chemical property criteria, is made more complex by the informatics issues associated with handling large data sets. This article describes a collaborative research project designed to simultaneously leverage the medicinal chemistry and drug development expertise of the Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research Inc. (NIBRI) and ArQule Inc.s high throughput library design, synthesis and purification capabilities. The work processes developed by the team to efficiently design, prepare, purify, assess and prioritize multiple chemical classes that were identified during high throughput screening, cheminformatics and molecular modeling activities will be detailed.

Keywords:

High throughput screening, parallel synthesis, hit-to-lead, resource management, laboratory automation, library design, antiinfectives

Affiliation:

ArQule Inc., 19 PresidentialWay, Woburn, MA 01801, USA.



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