Magda Przybylo, Tomasz Borowik and Marek Langner Pages 441 - 450 ( 10 )
High throughout screening is an approach based on the concept which assumes that when sufficiently large library of compounds are tested, the chance of discovering a new active compound is increased. In order to meet this expectation, proper testing criteria need to be devised. Those criteria should be related to the fate of a compound in the organism to have any predictive power. Not long ago, the main criteria were based exclusively on parameters defined by the maximum activity (QSAR). In this system, the activity criteria have not been included therefore the compound ability to reach the target is not accounted for. Considering that, the construction of yet another set of parameters has been initiated (QSPR). The parameters are in fact semi-empirical numbers which need to be tested on real, physical models. Whereas the activity tests are straightforward, the pharmacokinetic ones are difficult and controversial. One such parameter describes the critical property of an active compound, namely its ability to cross biological membranes. This review describes new concepts in the determination of the permeability coefficient with the help of methods which are based on liposome biosensors. Two methods using fluorescence probes incorporated in the lipid bilayer of liposome are described in detail and compared to other currently available techniques.
Supramolecular aggregate based biosensor, fluorescence, membrane permeability, membrane surface adsorption, HTS
Department of Bioengineering and Measurements, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wyb.Wyspianskiego 27, PL-50-370 Wroclaw, Poland.