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Response of DNA Fragments to Potentiometric Sensors Studied Using HPLC

[ Vol. 10 , Issue. 7 ]

Author(s):

Luc J. Nagels, Joseph Everaert, Hugo Bohets, Jurgen Del Favero, Dirk Goossens, Johan Robbens, Marek Pietraszkiewicz and Oksana Pietraszkiewicz   Pages 555 - 559 ( 5 )

Abstract:


Potentiometric sensors are studied as viable candidates for the construction of high throughput DNA arrays. For preliminary investigations, such sensors were used in an HPLC setup in the present work. This avoided errors due to ionic contaminants or additives in the commercial samples. The oligonucleotides dT10, dT20 and dT30 were used as test substances. The potentiometric sensors were of the coated wire type, containing PVC, DOP, MTDDACl and a synthetic podand urea receptor. The HPLC system consisted of a reversed phase column eluted with a phosphate buffer, triethylammoniumacetate (TEAA), and an acetonitrile gradient. Molar responses and sensitivities increased with increasing chain length of oligonucleotides, yielding detection limits as low as 10-6M (dT30, injected concentration). The slopes of the calibration graphs were at least 23 mV/decade (dT10), which was much higher than expected. The results are discussed in view of the potential use of this sensor type in high throughput microarrays.

Keywords:

Oligonucleotides, DNA, potentiometry, HPLC, polyelectrolytes

Affiliation:

Antwerp University, Chemistry Department, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium.



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